Is It Permissible To Give Fidyah Instead Of Fasting In Ramadan

Is it permissible to give Fidyah instead of fasting in Ramaḍān?

I am aware of many people, particularly females, who do not fast in Ramaḍān because the fasts are long. Most of these people are not elderly or suffering from any illness. They do not attempt the fast, nor do they make Qaḍā in winter when the days are short. Instead, they donate Fidyah and regard this as sufficient to discharge their obligation. Please can you shed light on whether it is permissible to give Fidyah instead of fasting in Ramadan as this is widespread in our community. Please also outline if there are any differences of opinion regarding this. Please can you also advise whether diabetic patients should fast in Ramaḍān.

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