Ifṭār Duʿāʾ Timing
We have read on your website on the following link https://nawadir.org/2015/06/18/masnoon-iftar-duas/ that the specific Ifṭār duʿās should be read after breaking the fast. Please can you provide the evidence for this.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم
The evidence of this is outlined in the Arabic references within the document you refer to. A summary is outlined below in English.
The scholars have explicitly mentioned that the duʿās should be read after Ifṭār. For example, in the commentary of the following duʿāʾ ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ وابْتَلَّتِ الْعُرُوْقُ وَثَبَتَ الأجْرُ إِنْ شاءَ اللهُ (The thirst has gone, the veins are moistened, and the reward is established, if Allah wills), the Ḥanafī scholar Mullā ʿAlī al-Qārī (d. 1014/1605) explicitly affirms that the duʿāʾ should be read after Ifṭār. This is also the view of scholars from different schools of thought including Shaykh Khalīl Aḥmad Sahāranpūrī (d. 1346/1927), Shaykh Sharaf al-Ḥaq ʿAẓīmābādī (d. 1329/1911), Shaykh Maḥmūd Khattāb al-Subkī (d. 1352/1933), ʿAllāmah Ibn Ḥajar al-Makkī (d. 974/1567), ʿAllāmah Ramlī (d. 1004/1596), Khaṭīb Shirbīnī (d. 977/1570) and ʿAllāmah Dasūqī (d. 1230/1815).
Similarly, in the commentary of the following duʿāʾ اَللَّهُمَّ لَكَ صُمْتُ وَعَلَى رِزْقِكَ أفْطَرْتُ (O Allah, I fasted for You, and with Your sustenance I completed my fast), scholars have explicitly mentioned that the duʿāʾ should be read after Ifṭār. They include: ʿAllāmah Ibn Ḥajar al-Makkī (d. 974/1567), ʿAllāmah Ramlī (d. 1004/1596), Khaṭīb Shirbīnī (d. 977/1570), ʿAllāmah Malyabārī (d. 1028/1618-9), Sayyid al-Bakrī al-Dimyāṭī (d. 1310/1893) and ʿAllāmah Dasūqī (d. 1230/1815). In fact, the ḥadīth scholar Imam Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥārith ibn Muḥammad ibn Abū Usāmah (d. 282/896) transmits a long narration in his Musnad which explicitly states:
يا علي إذا كنت صائما في شهر رمضان فقل بعد إفطارك
O ʿAlī, when you are fasting in the month of Ramaḍān, then say after your Ifṭār.
The duʿāʾ in this narration is similar to this duʿāʾ with an addition, as outlined in the document.
Thus, it is clear that the duʿās should be read after Ifṭār, and this is also apparent from the words of the duʿās. This should not be confused with the narrations wherein the Prophet ﷺ has guaranteed that the supplication of a fasting person is accepted. This is a separate narration and it is for this reason the scholars have emphasised the importance and benefits of making as much duʿāʾ as possible during the fast. We have also mentioned that the following duʿāʾ of ʿAbd Allaḥ ibn ʿAmr (may Allah be pleased with them) can be read before Ifṭār:
اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أسْألُكَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ الَّتِيْ وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ أنْ تَغْفِرَ لِيْ
O Allah, I ask You by Your mercy which envelopes all things, that You forgive me.
Note: It is common practice that people complete their fasts with dates and water and thereafter perform Maghrib Ṣalāh and thereafter eat food. One does not need to wait to eat food to supplicate with these duʿās.
Allah knows best
16 Dhū al-Qaʿdah 1437 / 19 August 2016