What should a Muslim student study? By Imam Ibn al-Sunni

What should a Muslim student study?

By Imam Ibn al-Sunnī (d. 364/975)

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

On a recent visit to Bahrayn, my respected father Mufti Shabbir Ahmad (b. 1376/1957 – ) was given copies of Riyāḍat al-Mutaʿallīmīn, a book recently published by Shaykh Nizam Niẓām Yaquby (b. 1378-9/1959 – ).  Continue reading

Adhan and Iqamah for Newborn Child

Adhān and Iqāmah for Newborn Child


I have a question about your article on the following link: https://nawadir.org/2016/04/03/actions-and-supplications-for-pregnant-women/. You mention that it is from the Sunnah to recite the Adhān and Iqāmah in the right and left ear respectively. However, some people say that the narration of Abū Rāfiʿ in Sunan al-Tirmidhī is weak and the narration in Sunan al-Bayhaqī is very weak. Please can you clarify the matter.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


The companion Abū Rāfiʿ (d. ca. 40/660) (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “I saw the messenger of Allah ﷺ perform the Adhān of Ṣalāh in the ear of Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī when Fāṭimah gave him birth.” This narration has been transmitted in Sunan Abū Dāwuḍ (5105), Sunan al-Tirmidhī (1514), Muṣannaf ʿAbd al-Razzāq (7986) al-Mustadrak (4827) and other books. This narration has been categorised as ṣaḥīḥ (sound) by Imam Tirmidhī (d. 279/892) as well as Imam Ḥākim (d. 405/1014). This has been affirmed by ʿAllāmah Majd ibn Taymiyah (d. 652/1254) and Khaṭīb Tabrīzī (d. ca. 741/1340). Ḥāfiẓ Dhahabī (d. 748/1348), Ḥāfiẓ Ibn Ṭāhir al-Maqdisī (d. 507/1113) (Tadhkirah al-Ḥuffāẓ, 1: 197) and other scholars disagree with this and categorise it as weak whilst some have categorised it as ḥasan (acceptable). Irrespective of the differing views, this narration has been accepted by scholars. Imam Tirmidhī (d. 279/892) mentions that the practice [of the Ummah] is on this narration.

Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī (d. 61/680) (may Allah be pleased with them) narrates that the messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “Whosoever has a newborn and performs the Adhān in his right ear and the Iqāmah in his left ear, Umm al-Ṣibyān (a disease or a particular Jinn) will not harm him.” This narration has been transmitted in ʿAmal alYawm Wa al-Laylah (623), Musnad Abī Yaʿ (6780) and Shuʿab al-Īmān (11: 106). This narration is weak as mentioned by Ḥāfiẓ Ibn Ḥajar (d. 852/1449), Ḥafiẓ Nūr al-Dīn Haythamī (d. 807/1405) and others. However, the scholars have deemed it acceptable to act on this narration as it supplements the narration of Abū Rāfīʿ (d. ca. 40/660) (may Allah be pleased with him). This is illustrated by the fact that scholars from the four schools of thought have deemed it mustaḥab (desirable) to perform the Adhān and Iqāmah in the right and left ear respectively. They include Imām Bayhaqī (d. 458/1066), Ḥāfiẓ Ibn al-Qayyim (d. 751/1350), ʿAllāmah Ibn Qudāmah (d. 620/1223), Imam Bahūtī (d. 1051/1641), Imam Nawawī (d. 676/1277), ʿAllāmah Ibn Ḥajar al-Makkī (d. 974/1567), Mullā ʿAlī al-Qārī (d. 1014/1605), ʿAllāmah Ibn ʿĀbidīn al-Shāmī (d. 1252/1836). The Mālikī scholar Imam Ḥaṭṭāb (d. 954/1547) writes after quoting a narration from Imam Mālik (d. 179/795) who disliked the practice, “The practice of the people has continued upon this so there is no harm in practising this.” The benefits of this practice, as mentioned by Ḥāfiẓ Ibn al-Qayyim (d. 751/1350), include protection from Shayṭān as he flees during Adhān, and that the first words the new born hears are words that glorify The Creator, Almighty Allah. For further details and references, please refer to my Arabic book Tanshīṭ al-Ādhān Fī Kitāb al-Arbaʿīn Fī al-Adhān (p. 44).[1]

Allah knows best

Yusuf Shabbir

16 Shaʿbān 1437 / 23 May 2016



[1] Information regarding this book is available on the following link: https://nawadir.org/2016/05/19/book-release-kitab-al-arbain-fil-adhan/.

[Book Release] Kitab al-Arbain Fil Adhan


Kitāb al-Arba’īn Fil Adhān is a unique collection of 42 narrations regarding the virtues and jurisprudence of Adhān, accompanied with a commentary in Arabic. The book has the following features:

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Congregational Tahajjud Salah in Ramadan Book Query

Congregational Tahajjud Ṣalāh in Ramaḍān Book Query


I have read your latest book الوضاحة في التطوع بالجماعة regarding congregational Tahajjud Ṣalāh in the month of Ramaḍān. Can you please clarify whether this practice in the way that it occurs in Makkah and Madīnah is permissible according to the Ḥanafī school of thought?

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[Book Release] 40 Hadiths on The Virtues of Sham And Its People

Al-Arba’in on The Virtues of Sham And Its People, By Mufti Shabbir Ahmed

The book

Sham is an area which encompasses modern day Syria, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, parts of Northern Egypt, parts of Southern Turkey and parts of Western Iraq.

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Israeli Apartheid, A Beginner’s Guide (Book Review)

Israeli Apartheid, A Beginner’s Guide

By Ben White, Pluto Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0745328874, pp.172, £9.99

The state of Israel has been criticised by many academics and activists for the violation of Palestinian human rights and International Law. Yet, very rarely is the concept of apartheid associated with Israel. In this indispensable introductory piece, White courageously discusses this issue and explores the definition of apartheid in light of UN resolutions. The book is split into three main parts. Continue reading

Arafat and the dream of Palestine, An Insider’s Account

By Bassam Abu Sharif, Palgrave Macmillan (2009), ISBN 978-0230608016, pp 288, RRP £14.99

Book Review by Yusuf Shabbir

Bassam Abu Sharif was described as the ‘face of terror’ and the ‘most notorious terrorist’ in the 1960s and 70s when he advanced the cause of the PFLP (Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine). In 1972, a bomb placed in a book sent to him left him severely disabled. Subsequently, he abandoned the use of violence and aligned himself with Yasser Arafat, eventually becoming one of his closest advisors and an architect of the peace plan. In this indispensable personal memoir, Abu Sharif presents a first hand account of all the major events in the Middle East over the last 30 years; from the wars in 1967 and 1982 to the 1993 Oslo accords and Arafat’s death in 2004. Throughout, he reflects on his relationship with Arafat, his role and methodology and how this affected the Palestinian cause.

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