Dua after fourth takbir in Janazah Salah

Duʿāʾ after fourth takbīr in Janāzah Ṣalāh

Question

Is it true that it is mustaḥab to read a duʿāʾ after the fourth takbīr in Janāzah Ṣalāh? Please outline the views of all four schools of thought.

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Performed Dhuhr Salah but did not know time had finished

Performed Dhuhr Ṣalāh but did not know time had finished

Question

I made intention of performing Dhuhr Ṣalāh today and after performing it, found out later that the time of Dhuhr Ṣalāh had already finished and ʿAṣr Ṣalāh time had begun. Do I have to repeat my Dhuhr Ṣalāh?

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Meaning of hadith: Brother in law is death

Meaning of ḥadīth: Brother in law is death

Question

(1) Please can you explain the meaning of the ḥadīth, “Brother in law is death.” Does this include the husband’s brother as well as sister’s husband?

(2) Is it correct to use this ḥadīth to justify preventing the sister’s husband from coming to the parent’s house? Some people use it in this manner whilst being relaxed about ḥijāb with the husband’s brother.

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Peforming Dhuhr Salah behind someone performing Asr Salah

Peforming Dhuhr Ṣalāh behind someone performing ʿAṣr Ṣalāh

Question

I am a Ḥanafī, and I prayed behind a congregation at university with the intention of Dhuhr Ṣalāh. Later, I realised they were performing ʿAṣr Ṣalāh. Do I have to repeat the Ṣalāh?

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Munfarid reciting loudly in daytime Nafl Salah

Munfarid reciting loudly in daytime Nafl Ṣalāh

Question

Is it permissible for a person performing Nafl Ṣalāh alone during daytime to recite the Qurʾān loudly?

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Knowledge of contemporary affairs and customs

Knowledge of contemporary affairs and customs

Question

Can you please provide the source of the following statement which I understand is in Radd al-Muḥtār: من لم يعرف أهل زمانه فهو جاهل  (Whoever is not familiar with the people of his era, then he is ignorant)

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