Performed Dhuhr Salah but did not know time had finished

Performed Dhuhr Ṣalāh but did not know time had finished

Question

I made intention of performing Dhuhr Ṣalāh today and after performing it, found out later that the time of Dhuhr Ṣalāh had already finished and ʿAṣr Ṣalāh time had begun. Do I have to repeat my Dhuhr Ṣalāh?

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Peforming Dhuhr Salah behind someone performing Asr Salah

Peforming Dhuhr Ṣalāh behind someone performing ʿAṣr Ṣalāh

Question

I am a Ḥanafī, and I prayed behind a congregation at university with the intention of Dhuhr Ṣalāh. Later, I realised they were performing ʿAṣr Ṣalāh. Do I have to repeat the Ṣalāh?

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Munfarid reciting loudly in daytime Nafl Salah

Munfarid reciting loudly in daytime Nafl Ṣalāh

Question

Is it permissible for a person performing Nafl Ṣalāh alone during daytime to recite the Qurʾān loudly?

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Time of Salah does not occur or Salah time re-enters

Time of Ṣalāh does not occur or Ṣalāh time re-enters

Question

(1) If Ṣalāh time re-enters for example because of travelling on an aeroplane, and a person has already performed Ṣalāh on time, will it be necessary to perform the Ṣalāh again?

(2) In the summer months in the UK, ʿIshāʾ time does not occur. Will ʿIshāʾ Ṣalāh remain obligatory?

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Salah after returning from a journey

Ṣalāh after returning from a journey

Question

Is it true that it is Sunnah to perform two Rakʿah Ṣalāh after returning from a journey?

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Travelling on Plane and performing Asr Salah at Mithl Awwal

Travelling on Plane and performing ʿAṣr Ṣalāh at Mithl Awwal

Question

I am travelling abroad and my flight departure time is before the ʿAṣr Ṣalāh time begins. However, the time for ʿAṣr Ṣalāh begins before this according to the other schools of thought based on Mithl Awwal. As it is extremely difficult on some airlines in particular to perform Ṣalāh on the plane in a standing position, is it permissible for me to perform ʿAṣr Ṣalāh before I board, otherwise it will be qaḍāʾ?

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Women performing Salah in congregation adjacent to men and the validity of the men’s Salah

Women performing Ṣalāh in congregation adjacent to men and the validity of the men’s Ṣalāh

Question

We have a mosque attended by people who follow various different schools of thought. The mosque is attended by males and females and there are appropriate safeguards in place. The mosque is small and comprises of two rooms that are next to each other with a permanent brick wall in between. Thus, the second row of men is indirectly behind the first row of women. There is no other option as the building is small. The entrance to each room is seperate. If the women perform Ṣalāḥ in congregation, will the Ṣalāh of the men and women be valid from a Ḥanafī perspective? Please can you provide the Arabic references as this is creating some confusion. 

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